Splicing ViT Features for Semantic Appearance Transfer

Narek Tumanyan * Omer Bar-Tal * Shai Bagon   Tali Dekel  

   Weizmann Institute of Science
*Equal contribution.


We present a method for semantically transferring the visual appearance of one natural image to another. Specifically, our goal is to generate an image in which objects in a source structure image are "painted" with the visual appearance of their semantically related objects in a target appearance image. Our method works by training a generator given only a single structure/appearance image pair as input. To integrate semantic information into our framework - a pivotal component in tackling this task - our key idea is to leverage a pre-trained and fixed Vision Transformer (ViT) model which serves as an external semantic prior. Specifically, we derive novel representations of structure and appearance extracted from deep ViT features, untwisting them from the learned self-attention modules. We then establish an objective function that splices the desired structure and appearance representations, interweaving them together in the space of ViT features. Our framework, which we term "Splice", does not involve adversarial training, nor does it require any additional input information such as semantic segmentation or correspondences, and can generate high resolution results, e.g., work in HD. We demonstrate high quality results on a variety of in-the-wild image pairs, under significant variations in the number of objects, their pose and appearance.  


Semantic Appearance Transfer Results

For each example, shown left-to-right: the target appearance image, the source structure image, and our result. The full set of results is included in the supplementary material. Our model successfully manages to tranfer the appearance from the target appearance image to the source structure image in a semantically meaningful manner. Notice the variability in number of objects, pose, and the significant appearance changes between the images in each pair.


CVPR 2022 Oral



Splicing ViT Features for Semantic Appearance Transfer
Narek Tumanyan *, Omer Bar-Tal *, Shai Bagon, Tali Dekel.
(* indicates equal contribution)
CVPR 2022 Oral.



Supplementary Material

[supplementary page]



  title={Splicing ViT Features for Semantic Appearance Transfer},
  author={Tumanyan, Narek and Bar-Tal, Omer and Bagon, Shai and Dekel, Tali},
  booktitle={Proceedings of the IEEE/CVF Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition},



We would like to thank Meirav Galun and Shir Amir for their insightful comments and discussion. We thank Oliver Wang and Taesung Park for their help with the comparison to Swapping Autoencoders.